What Are The Three Criteria For A Statement To Be Treated As A Misrepresentation?

How many types of misrepresentation are there?

3 typesThere are 3 types of misrepresentation: innocent misrepresentation.

negligent misrepresentation, and.

fraudulent misrepresentation..

What does false representation mean?

A representation is defined as “false” if it is misleading or untrue and the person making it is aware that it misleading or untrue. A “representation” is not specifically defined other than to say it is any fact or law.

What are the elements of misrepresentation?

The Elements of Fraudulent MisrepresentationA representation was made (in contract law, a representation is any action or conduct that can be turned into a statement of fact).The representation was false.The representation, when made, was either known to be false or made recklessly without knowledge of its truth.More items…•

What are the 3 types of misrepresentation?

Misrepresentation applies only to statements of fact, not to opinions or predictions. There are three types of misrepresentations—innocent misrepresentation, negligent misrepresentation, and fraudulent misrepresentation—all of which have varying remedies.

What is a statement of fact misrepresentation?

A misrepresentation is a misrepresentation of a statement of fact, not of general opinion, it is not a contract term, it must be material, in that it influenced a person to enter in to the contract and it is false. A fact is something current and cannot be something future.

What are some examples of misrepresentation?

In a fraudulent misrepresentation, a party makes a false claim regarding a contract or transaction but knows it isn’t true. For example, if a person is selling a car and knows there is a problem with the transmission, yet advertises it in perfect mechanical condition, they have committed fraudulent misrepresentation.

What is the law on misrepresentation?

A misrepresentation is a false statement of fact or law which induces the representee to enter a contract. Where a statement made during the course of negotiations is classed as a representation rather than a term an action for misrepresentation may be available where the statement turns out to be untrue.

What is the maximum penalty for making a false representation?

The maximum penalty for offences under Sections 1, 7 and 9 and is 12 months’ imprisonment on summary conviction and 10 years’ imprisonment on conviction on indictment. Section 10 of the Act increases the maximum penalty for offences contrary to Section 458 of the Companies Act 1985 to 10 years’ imprisonment.

Is there a waiver for misrepresentation?

The 212(i) waiver of inadmissibility for fraud or willful misrepresentation of a material fact is only available where an applicant demonstrates that a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident spouse or parent would face “extreme hardship” if he or she is removed from or denied a visa to enter the United States.

What are the requirements for misrepresentation?

THE MISREPRESENTATION MUST HAVE INDUCED THE CONTRACT The false statement must have induced the representee to enter into the contract. The requirements here are that (a) the misrepresentation must be material and (b) it must have been relied on.

What is the penalty for misrepresentation?

Any claimant or representative of a claimant who knowingly and willfully makes a false statement or representation for the purpose of obtaining a benefit or payment under this chapter shall be guilty of a felony, and on conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine not to exceed $10,000, by imprisonment not to exceed …

What are the effects of misrepresentation?

As to the contract itself, the effect of a misrepresentation is to make it voidable by the injured party who can then choose (subject to some qualifications) whether to set it aside and treat it as if it had never been made (this is called rescission) or to continue with it.

How can I stop misrepresentation?

Misrepresentation What Is It and How to Avoid It When Selling a BusinessWork with an experienced broker. … Don’t try to hide major flaws. … Be as transparent as possible with the books. … Have a lawyer look over your listings and agreements.More items…

What are the remedies for innocent misrepresentation?

If a misrepresentation is negligent or innocent, the court has the discretion to award rescission or damages in lieu of rescission under s2(2) of the Act.

What constitutes negligent misrepresentation?

Negligent misrepresentation is a separate and distinct species of the tort of deceit. When a defendant makes false statements, honestly believing that they are true, but without reasonable ground for such belief, he may be liable for negligent misrepresentation.