- How are journalists protected?
- What are the 7 types of journalism?
- Can journalists pay for information?
- What is a secondary source in journalism?
- Is it a war crime to shoot a journalist?
- How do journalists gather information?
- Can journalists break the law?
- Are there any circumstances under which reporters should be required to reveal or protect?
- Should a journalist reveal their source?
- What laws do journalists have to follow?
- Do journalists have to reveal their sources UK?
- How do you identify a journalist source?
- Why do journalists protect their sources?
- Why do journalists argue that freedom of the press requires that they protect confidential sources?
- How dangerous is journalism?
How are journalists protected?
Journalists are protected only as long as they do not take a direct part in the hostilities.
News media, even when used for propaganda purposes, enjoy immunity from attacks, except when they are used for military purposes or to incite war crimes, genocide or acts of violence..
What are the 7 types of journalism?
Types of journalism Regarding Hard NewsInvestigative Journalism. … Political Journalism. … Crime Journalism. … Business Journalism. … Arts Journalism. … Celebrity Journalism. … Education Journalism. … Sports Journalism.More items…•
Can journalists pay for information?
The practice of paying for information, known as checkbook journalism, threatens to corrupt journalism. Paying for interviews, directly or indirectly through so-called licensing fees, is now accepted practice in Great Britain and has been used by tabloid publications in the United States.
What is a secondary source in journalism?
Secondary Sources analyze, interpret, or comment on primary resources. They may include books (handbooks, encyclopedias, biographies), articles, reviews, scientific studies, editorials, etc.
Is it a war crime to shoot a journalist?
Attacks against journalists and the news media are unlawful because, under international humanitarian law, civilians and civilian objects are protected and, with few exceptions, not even the propaganda media can be considered military objectives.
How do journalists gather information?
Journalists develop information through interviews and sources. The most successful journalists quickly master these important skill sets. The production of journalism relies on several elements: newsgathering, interviewing sources, researching and trying to find as much information as possible.
Can journalists break the law?
Even though the journalists are on good ethical ground, they still don’t have a right to violate the law.”
Are there any circumstances under which reporters should be required to reveal or protect?
A reporter/journalist can protect and keep confidential a confidential source unless the government can prove:1) That there is probable cause to believe the reporter has info that is relevant to a specific violation of the law.
Should a journalist reveal their source?
Federal shield statute. … Roughly 30 states have passed statutes, called shield laws, allowing journalists to refuse to disclose or testify about confidential or unpublished information, including the identity of sources. The statutes vary significantly from state to state in the scope of their protections.
What laws do journalists have to follow?
When writing a story, all journalists must consider both legal and ethical issues. Laws are in place to restrict journalists from reporting things which may damage or harm other people or organisations. Ethics means doing what is ethically and morally right, regardless of what the law might say.
Do journalists have to reveal their sources UK?
One of the principles laid down by the NUJ’s code of conduct is that “a journalist shall protect confidential sources of information”. There are no exceptions. Any order for disclosure of sources will therefore force a journalist to consider where his primary duty lies.
How do you identify a journalist source?
In journalism, attribution is the identification of the source of reported information. Journalists’ ethical codes normally address the issue of attribution, which is sensitive because in the course of their work, journalists may receive information from sources who wish to remain anonymous.
Why do journalists protect their sources?
Journalists rely on source protection to gather and reveal information in the public interest from confidential sources. Such sources may require anonymity to protect them from physical, economic or professional reprisals in response to their revelations.
Why do journalists argue that freedom of the press requires that they protect confidential sources?
Proponents of protecting confidential sources argue that journalists need a well-established legal privilege, similar to the attorney-client privilege or doctor-patient privilege, to protect them from being forced to reveal confidential information in court.
How dangerous is journalism?
Journalists can face violence and intimidation for exercising their fundamental right to freedom of expression. The range of threats they are confronted to include murder, kidnapping, hostage-taking, offline and online harassment, intimidation, enforced disappearances, arbitrary detention and torture.