Question: What Is The Full Meaning Of Et Al?

Does a comma go before et al?

When there are three to five authors, use all of their last names in the first citation, and afterwards use the first author’s name with et al.

Use commas to separate the names, use an ampersand (&) instead of “and,” and place a comma before the date..

How do you use et al at the end of a sentence?

itself includes and. Second, never put a period after the first word in et al. because et is a complete Latin word meaning and — it’s not an abbreviation. But always put a period after al because it’s the abbreviation for the different forms of the Latin word meaning others (alii, alius, alia, or aliae).

What is ETUX mean?

et ux. (et uhks) n. abbreviation for the Latin words et uxor meaning “and wife.” It is usually found in deeds, tax assessment rolls and other documents in the form “John Alden et ux.,” to show that the wife as well as the husband own property.

How do you make et al possessive?

In the possessive form, et al. is followed by an apostrophe and an s: Simon et al.’s (2000) contribution to research … Latin words are sometimes italicised in English text, but abbreviations should not be in italics, unless the publisher requires it.

How do you write italic et al?

Latin and italics: “et al.” is not italicized or underlined (van Leunen, p. 27: “Write it without either underlining or italics.”; Chicago Manual of Style 7.56: “Commonly used Latin words and abbreviations should not be italicized.

(et-ahl Abbreviation for the Latin phrase “et alia,” meaning “and others.” This is commonly used in shortening the name of a court case, so that instead of listing all the plaintiffs or defendants, one of them will be listed followed by the term “et al.”

What does C O mean on property taxes?

in care of”C/O” means “in care of”.

How do you email et al?

The expression et al., which is always followed by a period, stands for “and others.” So the greetings above would mean: Dear John and others, Hello, Kimia and others. Sorry, Doug.

Does et al need a comma?

The phrase “et al.”—from the Latin et alii, which literally means “and others”—must always be typed with a space between the two words and with a period after the “l” (since the “al.” is an abbreviation). A comma does not follow the abbreviation unless the sentence’s grammar requires it.

What does et al mean in an email?

means and how to use it. Et al. is an abbreviation for et alia (neuter plural). But it can also be an abbreviation for et alii (masculine plural), or et aliae (feminine plural). This phrase means “and others.” Most commonly, et al. indicates other contributors (authors, editors, etc.)

How do I use et al?

Use the word “and” between the authors’ names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses. In subsequent citations, only use the first author’s last name followed by “et al.” in the signal phrase or in parentheses. In et al., et should not be followed by a period.

Where does et al come from?

Et al. comes from the Latin phrase meaning “and others.” It is usually styled with a period, but you will occasionally see et al as well. Et al. typically stands in for two or more names, especially in bibliographical information.

What does etal mean after a person’s name?

What Is Et Al. Short For? This is a Latin phrase that is short for “et alia.” It means “and others,” and is commonly used in legal documents to reference the family or people involved. Legal documents must list every person involved by using their first and last names one time.

Is Dear all formal?

‘Dear All’ is on the formal side compared with ‘Hi Everyone. ‘ It is also possible to skip the salutation and get right into the meat of the matter. … How formal of a group are addressing? If informal, sure should be fine.

Why is et al used?

One of these is the Latin phrase et al., an abbreviation meaning “and others.” It is used to shorten lists of author names in text citations to make repeated referencing shorter and simpler. …